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Brave new world with Chinese philosophy

2019-02-17 00:00:00 作者:admin 栏目:未知

Withthecontinuingriseinglobaltemperaturesandmoreextremeweather,climatechangehasbecomeamajorworldconcern.Inresponsetothis,the2018UnitedNationsClimateChangeConference,knownasCOP24,washeldinPoland.Whiledelegatesfromdifferentnationswerestrugglingtoreachaconsensusonwritingtherulebookforthefightagainstclimatechange,U.S.officialsunexpectedlyofferedadiscordantvoiceontheuseoffossilfuels.AfterannouncingthewithdrawalfromtheParisAgreement,theU.S.actionsinPolandhasagainattractedworldconsternation.

Climatechangeisaseriousproblemcausedandfacedbyallhumankind.Notevenonecountrycanaffordtoevadetheirresponsibilityandhideonsafeland.TheulteriormotiveofwhattheU.S.doesmaywellbeselfishnessandoverconfidence.Americansareinclinedtofocusmoreontheircountrymen'swelfarewhileignoringthoseoftherestovertheworldandbelievingthatnatureisconquerable,thatmanregardlessofclimatechangecanchangetheworldwithoutsufferinganyconsequencesinreturn.

Incontrast,Chinaadoptsamorepositiveattitudeandshouldersactualdutyinbattlingclimatechange.Undertheinfluenceof"theunityofmanandnature,"Chinesepeopletendtolivewithnatureandwithothernationsinharmony.

Sowhydopeople'sviewsandactionsonclimatechangeandtheworld,ingeneral,varybetweenChinaandtheU.S.?Whatroledoestraditionalphilosophywhichisregardedasapotentialmoldtoman'sthinkingplayinthisconnection?WhatdistinctionistherebetweenChinesephilosophyandthatoftheWest?

RogerT.Ames,humanitieschairprofessoratPekingUniversityandprofessoremeritusofphilosophyattheUniversityofHawaii,isaworld-renownedphilosopherwhohasmadesignificantcontributionstothestudyofChineseandcomparativephilosophy,inwhichheemphasizestheimportanceofunderstandingChinesephilosophyonitsownterms.

AccordingtoProfessorAmes,thefirstdifferenceliesintheapprehensionofreality."InChinesephilosophy,youbeginfromtheBookofChanges,sowithintheChineseworld,there'snothingthatisfixed,unchanging;everythingisvulnerableinthefullnessoftimetochange.Itgivesyouacontrastbetweenaworldwherereality,theclassicalGreeksdefinedintermsofsomeunchangingobjectofknowledgeandtheChineseworldinwhichit'snotknowledge,butit'swisdomthatwhatwedoandwhatweknowareinseparable,"hestated.

Inadiscussionontheevolutionofphilosophy,ProfessorAmesexplained,"ChinesephilosophyisnotsystematicinthewayinwhichtheWesternphilosophyis.YouhaveaPlato,andthenyouhaveastudentAristotle,whosaysIlovemyteacherbutIlovetruthmore,andso,hebegananothersystem.Chinesephilosophyisphilosophicalcanonsandevolvingcommentarytraditionthattriestoexpanduponunderstandingthesecanonsintermsofthepresentissues,andtousethemtoaddresstheproblemsthathumanbeingshavetoconfront."

ProfessorAmesperceivesthatinChinesephilosophy,thefocusisonproducingthesocialintelligencenecessarytolivewell."Theultimateconcernisnotseparatefromeverydayhumanlife,thatthereisakindofholography,aninterdependenceofallthingswithintheprocessofcosmology,"headded. ThisexpositionwellexplainsChina'sharmony-livingpreferenceandhighsenseofresponsibilityfacingworldproblems,includingclimatechange.

WhenaskedaboutthedevelopmentofChinesephilosophy,ProfessorAmessaid,"Chinesephilosophyhasbeenmarginalized,butwiththeriseofChinainonegeneration,thegeopoliticalorderoftheworld,theeconomicorder,andperhapsnowtheculturalorderhasbeentransformed,hasbeenchangedutterly."

AsChinesephilosophyspreadsfarandwide,Chinaanditspeoplewillbemorecloselyunderstoodandembracedbyforeignfriends.

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